Church Thirkleby engraved 1852-2

All Saints Church in Thirkleby, Edward Buckton Lamb

Copy from Vallis Eboracensis by Thomas Gill, 1852


All Saints Church in Thirkleby is central to the life of Emily, Lady Payne-Frankland.  It remained a consistent thread of continuity throughout her life and immortalised in her photography.

Emily Anne Frankland-Russell was the third daughter of Sir Robert Frankland-Russell 7th Baronet and Louisa Anne Murray.  Emily Ann Frankland appears in the baptism register in the Parish of St George, Hanover Square on 16th January 1822 but her memorial in Thirkleby Church documents her birth as Nov.24.1821.

Emily’s early years would be spent at the family home of Thirkleby Hall[1] near Thirsk, Yorkshire with her four sisters.  Sir Robert Frankland-Russell was M.P. for the constituency of Thirsk[2] but also a talented amateur artist.[3] Emily’s extended family included her cousin Caroline Margaret Kerrison (née Fox Strangways) who was to play a significant role throughout Emily’s life.

On 10th November 1847 Emily married Sir William Payne-Gallwey 2nd Bart, son of General Sir William Payne-Gallwey, Bart and Lady Harriet Quinn.  Harriet was a family friend of William Henry Fox Talbot with four letters to Talbot in his archived correspondence.[4] Emily’s mother, Louisa Frankland-Russell had also corresponded with William Henry Fox Talbot in 1830.[5] After the death of Sir Robert Frankland-Russell in 1849, his widow Lady Louisa commissioned the construction of All Saints Church, Thirkleby.[6]

Between 1848 and 1859 William and Emily had seven children – Ralph William Frankland-Payne-Gallwey (1848–1916), Edwin John Payne-Gallwey (1850–1906),  Lionel Philip Payne-Gallwey (1851–1891), Leonora Emily Payne-Gallwey (1852–1899), Bertha Louisa Payne-Gallwey (1854–1924), Wyndham Harry Payne-Gallwey (1855–1916) and Isabel Julia Payne-Gallwey (1859–1873).[7]

Whilst living primarily in London, Emily became one of the first women members of the ground breaking Photographic Society in 1853.  Documented as Lady Payne-Galwey,[8] Emily was proposed by J D Llewellyn and seconded by Roger Fenton on 2nd June 1853; her cousin Lady Caroline Kerrison was also elected the same day.  Emily joined Elizabeth Vignoles, Amelia Elizabeth Guppy, Mary Anne Boulton and Catherine Verschoyle.

Emily exhibited three photographs in the 1859 Photographic Society Exhibition, all produced by the Oxymel process.[9]  This variation of the wet plate collodion method enabled a prepared plate to be taken on location but required a significantly longer exposure time.[10]  Emily appears to be the only woman using the Oxymel process[11] in all photographic exhibitions documented from 1839-1865.[12]

In 1855 the Payne-Gallwey family moved from Eaton Square, London to Thirkleby Hall, perhaps the reason for Emily’s resignation from the Photographic Society on 29th November 1855.[13] Emily, however, may have inspired her family to take up photography; her son Sir Ralph Payne-Gallwey was quoted as a “principal exhibitor” in the Leyburn Photographic Exhibition in 1890 with Miss Payne-Gallwey also noted as a contributor.[14]

Following the death of Sir William Payne-Gallwey in 1881 Emily was granted a change of surname, reconnecting her family heritage at Thirkleby Hall.  From October 2nd 1882 her name was changed to Lady Emily Anne Payne-Frankland.  [15]   Lady Louisa Frankland-Russell had requested the reversion from Payne-Gallwey to Payne-Frankland to ensure inheritance of Thirkleby Park to Emily and her co-heir.  



All Saints Church, Thirkleby

©Jill Gillanders 2018 

Emily died on 13th September 1913 at the age of ninety two.  Her funeral was reported “marked by a simplicity in keeping with the personal character of her ladyship”, and she was buried at All Saints Church in Thirkleby.[16] 



My grateful thanks to Jill Gillanders for information and photographs of Thirkleby Church.

Also Edward Leigh-Pemberton of the Payne-Gallwey Charitable Trust for his valuable assistance.



[1] John Preston Neale, Jones’ views of the seats, mansions, castles, etc. of noblemen and gentlemen, in England, London : Jones and Co, 1829. p.26-27

[2] Accessed 05/08/2018

[3]  Accessed 05/08/2018

[4] British Library Document Numbers: 1636, 2775, 3577 and 6943.  Recipient: TALBOT William Henry Fox,  Author:  GALLWEY Harriet Payne, née Quin

[5] The Correspondence of William Henry Fox Talbot Document Number: 2012. Recipient: TALBOT William Henry Fox,  Author:  FRANKLAND-RUSSELL Louisa Anne, née Murray.  Accessed 21/08/2018

[6] Edward Kaufman, “E.B.Lamb and Victorian Architectural Patronage”, The Art Bulletin, Vol 70, No.2, (Jun 1988), pp.314-345 via Jstor  Accessed 04/08/2018

[7] All information from memorials within All Saints church at Thirkleby  Accessed 05/08/2018

[8]  Accessed 05/08/2018

[9] A contemporary guide – Philip H Delamotte, The Oxymel Process in Photography, London: Chapman and Hall, 1856, p.3. “Tourists may take a dozen or two plates, ready prepared, and during a week or a fortnight may expose them in the camera as they may require, and in the evening or even in a day or two afterwards may develop the pictures they have obtained at their convenience.”

[10] Ibid, p.16  “The time of exposure for an oxymel-plate may be said to be five times that required, for the usual collodion process.”

[11] Recipe for Oxymel quoted in T F Hardwich’s A Manual of Photographic Chemistry (Sixth Edition)  London:J.Churchill, 1861.  p.513

[12]  Accessed 05/08/2018

[13]  Accessed 05/08/2018

[14] Yorkshire Gazette, Saturday, October 25, 1890. p.5. c.6  Amateur Photography at Leyburn.

[15] THE LONDON GAZETTE, OCTOBER 17 ,1881 Whitehall, October 2, 1882 .”THE Queen has been pleased to grant unto Dame Emily Anne Payne Gallwey, of Thirkleby Park, in the parish of Thirkleby, in the North Riding of the county of York, Widow and relict of Sir William Payne-Gallwey, late of Thirkleby Park aforesaid, Baronet, and daughter and coheir of Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, late of Thirkleby Park aforesaid, and of the Chequers Court, in the county of Buckingham, Baronet, both deceased, Her Royal licence and authority that she and her issue by her said late husband may,-in compliance with a proviso contained in the last will and testament of lier mother. Dame Louisa Anne Frankland-Russell, late of Thirkleby Park and Chequers Court aforesaid, the widow and relict of the said Sir Robert Frankland-Russell, discontinue the use of the surname of Gallwey and take and use the surname of Frankland in addition to and after that of Payne, and that she may be called Emily Anne Payne-Frankland…”

[16] The Yorkshire Post, Thursday, September 18, 1913, p.9, c.2,  Funeral of Lady Payne-Frankland


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